A scooter-sharing system is a shared transport service in which electric motorized scooters (also referred to as e-scooters) are made available to use for short-term rentals. E-scooters are typically "dockless", meaning that they do not have a fixed home location and are dropped off and picked up from certain locations in the service area.
Scooter-sharing systems work towards providing the public with a fast and convenient mode of transport for last-mile mobility in urban areas. Due to the growing popularity of scooter-sharing, municipal governments have enforced regulations on e-scooters to increase rider and pedestrian safety while avoiding the accrual of visual pollution. Scooter-sharing systems are one of the least expensive and most popular micromobility options.
In 2012, Scoot Networks released a moped-style vehicle that offered short-range rentals of scooters. In 2017, Bird and Lime launched dockless electric scooters. Since launching in Santa Monica, California, Bird has expanded its service to more than 100 cities and reached a $2 billion valuation in 2018. In the same year, Lime accumulated more than 11.5 million rides. Lyft and Uber, the largest ride-sharing companies in the U.S., launched their own electric scooter-sharing services in 2018. By 2030, the global electric scooter market is expected to reach $300 billion to $500 billion.
However, the so-called "dockless" can create some problems during operation. The most critical issue is managing costs. Not only do operators need to hire manpower to recycle electric scooters to manually charge or replace batteries, but the city government is also troubled by the impact of randomly discarded electric scooters on the appearance of the city. As a result, many cities are trying to limit the deployment of dockless electric scooters.
From a city management perspective, the goal is to make green public transport accessible to all citizens, and you need to make sure that these people have access to electric scooters, so parking piles are the most direct way to ensure that.
Therefore, many companies are developing parking docks for electric scooters, which naturally should be designed to charge the electric scooter while it is parked.
We're seeing it in Europe and North America; developers are adopting contact charging methods in parking pile designs. Kuhmute, Duckt and Knotcity are among the suppliers.
In Korea, by contrast, we see a different approach. LG, the second-largest electronics supplier, has announced a contactless charging dock for electric scooters. At least two other suppliers are working on the design and deployment of contactless charging bases for electric scooters in South Korea.
We think electric scooter charging stations will repeat the history of mobile phone charging: initially, contact charging was used in some mobile phone models, but today's mainstream mobile phone models are equipped with non-contact (wireless) charging function.
Reliability is the main reason why contactless charging (i.e. wireless charging) is replacing contact charging (i.e. wired charging). Charging is a very routine operation, and the repeated disassembly and touch process makes the contact points prone to failure over time. On the contrary, since everything is well sealed, contactless wireless charging can maintain a reliable charging experience for a long time.
It appears that contactless wireless charging is better than contact charging. In addition to reliability, contactless charging can continue even if the e-scooter is not parked well on the charging point. However, contactless charging is more expensive than contact charging. The figure below is a comparison of non-contact charging and contact charging. Additional DC-AC blocks are required on the dock side and additional AC-DC blocks on the vehicle side. Sealed coils replace exposed contacts. The added cost has made developers and operators reluctant to incorporate contactless charging into their charger designs.
ZoneCharge provides a non-contact charging module for electric scooters. We have well balanced cost and performance in the design of wireless charging modules, ensuring safety and efficiency while providing a cost-effective solution that can help you easily adopt non-contact Wireless charging module introduced into the charging station.
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